- Ergonomics is the study of increasing the efficiency and safety of a workplace.
- Helps lessen muscle fatigue, increases productivity, and helps reduce the number of work-related MSDs.
- Risk factors at work include: use of excessive force, holding awkward/uncomfortable poses for an extended amount of time, performing the same series of motions for an extended period of time.
There are certain rights and responsibilities for everyone in the workplace to ensure the safety of yourself, as well as the safety of everyone else on the job. I will first list some of the responsibilities that you have as a worker, and then some of the rights that you are entitled to as a worker.
RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE WORKPLACE:
- Read and follow all safety procedures
- Comply with all of the safety training that you have received
- Ask employer how to do something and then demonstrate you know how to complete the task before attempting to do it on your own
- Wear any PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) that you are provided or are instructed to acquire
- Identifying any safety hazards and reporting them to your employer
RIGHTS IN THE WORKPLACE:
- Ability to refuse any task that you deem unsafe or that you feel you haven’t been trained adequately enough to complete
- Right to be provided a workplace free of any serious hazards
- Right to speak up if asked to complete a task that you deem uncertain or unsafe
THE FOUR FACTORS OF FAIR USE
THE PURPOSE AND CHARACTER OF THE USE
This factor of fair use refers to the function and nature of which the copied material is being used, copyright law favors that the use of the material be transformative— used to create something new. Copyright law also favors the use of work in an educational, historic, noncommercial, nonprofit, or scientific context.
NATURE OF THE COPYRIGHTED WORK
This factor of fair use refers to the nature of the copyrighted work, so whether the material is supposed to be entertaining or informational. The courts also look at whether the copyrighted material is published or unpublished, with the judge being in favor of determining fair use in factual work opposed to fictional work.
AMOUNT/SUBSTANTIALITY OF COPYRIGHTED WORK USED
This factor of fair use refers to how much of the copyrighted work was used, and also which elements of the work were used. The courts may rule small quantities of a work as excessive, and not deeming them fair use, if they embody the “heart of the work” being used.
EFFECT OF USE ON POTENTIAL MARKET
This factor of fair use refers to striking the balance between the benefit of the public if fair use is permitted, and personal gain the copyright owner will receive if the use is denied.